Film photography has caught a growing interest in many younger generations in the past 10 years. While being more than 100 years old, it is not apparent to someone young what it is and how it works. In this post, I’ll tell you what is film photography, how it generally works, its most popular format, as well as its advantages vs digital.
Overview of What is Film Photography
Film photography is all about taking photographs on thin, transparent strips of plastic we call film. One side of the film strip is coated with a gelatin emulsion that contains small silver halide crystals. These crystals are light sensitive and are the ones that capture the image. The emulsion is different between each brand and type of film and determines the contrast and resolution of a photograph.
Once a whole roll of film is shot, the images aren’t there yet. It has yet to be developed in a lab where the photographs will appear on the film under the form of negatives. Why? Think of film like it was a sheet of paper that could burn more or less, depending on the intensity of light hitting it. Really bright areas of a photograph have more light and will burn the paper more than dark areas.
These negatives are then inverted into positives – the final images – when scanning and/or printing into paper. With this, we can compare with digital photography where a RAW image is a film negative and a JPEG image is a scanned or printed image from a negative. The negative is the “blueprint” of the image and can make as many different copies from it as you’d like.
What is 35mm?
If you are interested in trying film photography out for the first time, it is highly likely that you stumbled upon with the term “35mm”. But what is it? It’s the most popular film format that has a width of about 35 millimeters – which is why it has that name. It is characterized nowadays by the famous film canisters which contain the film inside them.
It was invented in 1890 by William Kennedy Dickson with the support of the Edison and Eastman Kodak companies. It started to be popular once the Leica I camera was released in 1920. The main reason why it got to be so popular was that, for the first time, amateur photographers could afford and take a camera anywhere with them. This was revolutionary at the time.
35mm is also called small format because at the time there were other two popular film formats. These two were called medium format and large format and are still used today.
Differences Between Film and Digital Photography
Film and digital photography both have their place today. Their strengths and weaknesses are different and that’s that what makes each one of them very unique. I’ll write a few advantages of each one of them.
5 Film Photography Advantages
There are a few photographers that choose to shoot film instead of digital. I extensively explore their differences in this post, but the most common reasons are the following:
- It’s initially cheaper. We can get a film camera for a small fraction of a new digital camera. Film cameras are essentially black boxes that isolate light from the film with a lens screw. What differentiates them is their build quality and range of available lenses.
- It forces us to understand and apply the principles of photography more carefully. We need to be more careful when taking each photograph mostly because we cannot see the image we just got.
- Less amount of work and time selecting keeper pictures. Some actually view the limited number of exposures per roll as a good thing. By having a limited number of exposures it makes you be more careful when you think about making an image.
- It’s rewarding and you’ll notice the evolution of your craft! Speaking personally, I enjoy the whole process of film photography. From bulk loading film into canisters until enlarging a negative in the darkroom. We make mistakes, we learn from them and we notice improvements in our techniques.
- Improved lifespan of the images we take. With film, we will always end up with the physical manifestations of your images. We will always have the negatives and prints of some of them. The risks of totally losing the pictures of 5, 10, 20+ years ago due to a drive malfunction will be fewer. Because we will still have their physical copies if we kept and organized them properly.
4 Digital Photography Advantages
Digital photography also has its place and strengths for when they’re the needed the most:
- Image previsualization. This is huge. For instance, a fashion or product photographer benefits greatly from this. You can iterate the lightning and angles until you reach what you intended originally. Of course, this can also be done in one take, but it’s harder.
- We can take a much larger amount of images. This is tremendously useful to capture important events that will happen once. Think about sports photography or wedding photography. We surely don’t want to miss anything. However, this will require a huge time investment in filtering out the keepers later on.
- Larger resolution. Digital cameras will produce images with much more resolution than 35mm film. This allows us to print really big without any worries. However, the same isn’t true if we compare them with medium format and large format film. These last two, however much more niche, will yield in much larger resolutions if properly scanned.
- Faster production of final images. Think about photojournalism. Every agency will want images fast once something newsworthy happens. It’s just a matter of sending the images to the laptop, quickly edit and send them. It’s so simple and fast that we can also do it on our phones.
Final Thoughts on Film Photography
When launched, digital photography stroked a blow to film photography with the huge advantages that it brought to the table. Suddenly everyone could take many more images without any cost, previsualize them, print bigger, and produce them faster.
As time went on, people started to realize what they lost once they went all digital. They started to notice that they started to lose images over time, stopped thinking about photography principles, started being overdependent on automatic camera functions. Everything started to feel artificial, mindless, and frenetic. Film photography is still here to balance that.
Even though I love film, I use both digital and film cameras. They both have their place nowadays. Do you feel the same? Let me know in the comments!